Dhanteras is celebrated is celebrated 2 days before Diwali. It mainly lies in the month of Kartik (October – November). Dhanteras is also otherwise called as Dhantrayodashi. This is a very popular observance in Hinduism marking the first day of the 5-days of Diwali festival. The word Dhantrayodashi can be split into two words Dhan and Trayodashi meaning wealth and the thirteenth day of the dark phase (Krishna Paksha) of the lunar month. A principal suggestion of doing Puja is aimed to get wealth and prosperity. The chief deity worshipped on this day is Lakshmi and Kubera.
People decorate their house with lights and they light diyas. They make Rangolis on the pathways which include the footprints of goddess Lakshmi. Aartis and devotional hymns are sung by people to celebrate this festival of Dhanteras. Sweets are also offered to goddess Lakshmi. People buy gold and silver jewelry and buy utensils too. Some people wear new clothes as they light the first diya of Diwali while some engage themselves in gambling.
The Myths of Dhanavantri
According to another legend, in the battle between gods and demons when both of them churned the ocean for an Amri. Dhanavantri an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and also the physician of the god emerged holding a pot of elixir. So according to this tale, the festival Dhanteras comes from the word Dhanavantri.
The story behind the Dhanteras and Narak Chaturdashi
The story behind the Dhanteras starts from the 16-year-old son of King Hima. His death was predicted by horoscopes. He would die by a snake bite on the fourth day of his marriage. On that day, his wife didn’t let him sleep. She took all her ornaments and gold and silver coins in a heap and the entrance of the chamber and lit diyas all over the place. And She sang songs and narrated the story to keep her husband awake.
Yama, the god of Death arrived at the prince’s doorstep next day, in the disguise of the serpent. His eyes were dazzled from the shine of jewelry and gold coins. He climbed the heap of gold coin and sat there listening to the stories and songs. Then he silently went away in the morning. It is said that because of the intelligence of his new bride, he was saved from the clutches of death and the day is now celebrated as Dhanteras. The following day is also called as Naraka Chaturdashi and also named as Yamadeepdaan as the ladies of this house light diyas and keep them burning all night to glorify Yama.
Dhanteras Puja Significance
The ideal time to perform this puja is the Pradosh Kaal which starts after sunset and stretches till 2 hours 24 minutes. In the first place, the idols of Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha are purchased from the market and brought home with devotion and reverence. For this puja, preferably the Ganesh idol should be with the right side curved trunk.
Dhanteras is an extremely significant day for the business community. Many business people start with the new account books on this day and placed before Goddess Lakshmi to get her blessings. And Many individuals’ start with new business on Dhanteras as it is believed that business started on this day will bear unlimited profits. In Indian families, it is believed that a girl child born on Dhanteras is auspicious because it is said that Goddess Lakshmi has arrived in the house. Hence, Dhanteras is an extremely significant day for all Hindus.
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