Dussehra paints the picture of the triumph of Lord Ram over the demon Ravana and goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasur. The festival also renowned as ‘Vijay Dashmi’ is celebrated in the ‘Aashwin Shukla paksha’ month according to the Indian almanac and somewhere in the month of October. Although, It is celebrated on the tenth day of Navratri. The celebration for Dussehra is rife among the Kshatriyas in Hindu culture. According to the mythological facts, the moment when the stars shine in the sky at dusk on this day is considered as ‘Vijay’ which means triumph. Therefore, The victory of Lord Rama (the seventh avatar of Vishnu) over Ravana is the perfect epitome of this saying.
Dussehra or Vijaydashmi is the tenth day of celebration along with a Puja offered to the deities. It is celebrated across the length and breadth of India. After navratri, the tenth and final day is Vijaydashmi, also called as Dussehra. The epic Ramayana tells the story of Lord Rama who wins the lovely Sita and married her, later she was abducted by Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. Lord Rama killed Ravana in a mighty fight and returned with Sita to his kingdom. Rama, his brother Lakshmana, their follower Hanuman and an army fought a great battle to rescue Sita. Although, The entire narrative is recorded in the epic Ramayana, an eminent Hindu scripture.
Some people perform Aditya Homa as a Shanti yagna and recite Sundar kand of Ramayana for 5 days. There are many who can seek peace by performing Rama Puja as the major pooja.
Vijaydashmi is performed to get rid of ten bad traits:
- Lust (craving)
- Over pride
- Envy (jealousy)
- Egotism (selfishness)
- Inequity (injustice)
- Brutality (cruelty)
- Self-conceit (undue pride in oneself)
Mythological Stories linked to Dussehra
Dussehra marks Goddess Durgas victory in battle over the mighty asura demon Mahishasura who was part animal. Mahishasur, in the form of a buffalo, grew very powerful and created havoc on the earth. Under his leadership, the Asuras defeated the Devas. The world was crushed under Mahishasura’s tyranny; the Devas joined their energies into Shakti, a single mass of radiant energy, to kill Mahishasur. Further, A very powerful band of lightning emerged from the mouths of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva and a young, beautiful female virgin with ten hands appeared. All the Gods gave their special weapons to her. This Shakti coalesced to form the goddess Durga. Riding on a lion, who assisted her, Durga fought Mahishasur. Further, The battle raged for nine days and nights. Finally, on the tenth day of Ashvin shukla paksha, Mahishasur was defeated and killed by Durga.
Another story associated with the origins of this day is the raining of gold coins. After Kautsa asked King Raghu for 140 million coins to give an offering to his Guru in return for his knowledge, Raghuraja went to Indra for help who then asked Lord Kuber to rain coins on the city of Ayodhya. After giving 140 million coins to his Guru, Kautsa distributed the rest to the people of Ayodhya.
But the most popular way of celebrating this festival has always been by dancing for nine nights or doing all kinds of Puja. Different communities and clubs organize garbba-dandiya raas events and invite the crowd to enjoy themselves with the huge bands playing regional traditional songs. Although, Small families celebrate it in their home by dancing around the garbi or offering Puja to deities.Dussehra or Vijayadashami - The triumph of good over evil by Abhishek Dhawan